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Toward total nuclear arms ban?

July 4, 2017

 

Final draft of nuke ban treaty circulated, adoption expected Fri.

https://mainichi.jp/english/articles/20170704/p2g/00m/0in/044000c#cxrecs_s

 

NEW YORK (Kyodo) -- The United Nations looks set to adopt a landmark nuclear weapons ban treaty this week, with the third and final draft of the accord circulated Monday following intensive negotiations over the weekend.

"Each one of us has assumed the historic responsibility to give human kind an instrument that reflects the moral imperative of prohibiting nuclear weapons and leading to a future free of nuclear weapons, as was the case more than seven decades ago," Elayne Whyte Gomez, Costa Rican ambassador and conference president said earlier.

Contained in the latest draft, expected to be adopted by the end of the session Friday, is new language that explicitly prohibits states from using or threatening to use nuclear weapons.

Although Britain, China, France, Russia and the United States, which hold the largest arsenals, have not been in attendance, negotiators are hopeful they might one day endorse the legal instrument.

Also notably absent from the negotiations are nuclear umbrella states, such as Japan, which is the only country to have been attacked with atomic weapons.

With the exception of the Netherlands, other members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, an international alliance of countries, have also not been present at the U.N. sessions.

Five non-nuclear NATO allies, Belgium, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, and Turkey, host about 180 U.S. nuclear bombs at six air bases, according to the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists.

On other issues, two references to the Japanese atomic bomb survivors, called hibakusha, remain in the preamble of the text. They along with the atomic blast survivors from places like the Marshall Islands are seen as having brought the notion of humanitarian consequences to the forefront.

Many conference participants have recognized the vital importance of the hibakusha for having contributed to peace and disarmament education over the years at various international conferences.

In addition to the current three-week conference, a one-week gathering was held in March as laid out in a U.N. General Assembly resolution adopted last year.

The text also calls for the states to open for treaty signature on Sept. 19. The date coincides with the annual General Assembly debate which draws the top leaders from around the globe.

 

 

 

 

July 4, 2017

UN revised draft aims for total nuclear arms ban

 

https://www3.nhk.or.jp/nhkworld/en/news/20170704_18/

 

A United Nations conference negotiating a nuclear weapons ban is set to adopt a legally binding treaty on Friday.

Conference President Elayne Whyte Gomez on Monday presented a revised draft. It includes new language that explicitly prohibits states from using or threatening to use nuclear weapons.

The passage clearly negates the traditional theory of nuclear deterrence. Earlier versions did not do this.

The draft in its preface refers to the suffering of Japanese atomic bomb survivors, known as Hibakusha, praising their long efforts to ban nuclear arms.

Gomez says she hopes to deliver good news on the draft's adoption.

The United States, Russia and other nuclear powers, as well as countries depending on the nuclear umbrella such as Japan, have not taken part in the negotiations, saying a ban would not lead to a practical solution.

 

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