24 Mai 2017
May 23, 2017
Draft of UN nuclear ban treaty released
The president of UN negotiations to legally prohibit nuclear weapons has unveiled the first draft of a treaty calling for their total elimination.
Costa Rican UN ambassador Elayne Whyte Gomez, the chair of the UN conference negotiating the ban, released the draft in Geneva on Monday.
The draft text denounces the use of nuclear weapons as a violation of international humanitarian law. It says nations should make every effort to prevent their future use.
The text would require states to pledge never to use nuclear weapons, but also never to develop, produce, acquire, possess, stockpile, transfer or test them.
It rejects the concept of nuclear deterrence promoted by nuclear-armed countries.
Whyte Gomez noted that the treaty will give hope to survivors of the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, known as "hibakusha."
The next round of negotiations on the treaty will begin on June 15th.
But the major nuclear-armed states have not participated in the talks. Nor have countries that rely on US nuclear deterrence for protection, including Japan.
Critics say the draft treaty does not include concrete measures to compel nuclear nations to take part in the negotiations.